Initial Post

Three Available Packages Specialized for Visually Impaired R Users

There are three packages for the blind R users (Godfrey, Warren, Murrell, Bilton, & Sorge, 2019; Seo, 2019; Siegert & Williams, 2017).

Methods

Creswell (2014) suggests a mixed methods study as a balanced methodology between qualitative and quantitative research.

Math Test

The following shows an accessible Math created by R along with MathJax:

\[\frac {2} {3} \]

\(3+2=5\)

\[ 3*2=6 \]

\[5^2=25\]

Basic Histogram

See Figure 1 made by R base:

Histogram of Ozone.

Figure 1: Histogram of Ozone.

VI(hist(airquality$Ozone))

## This is a histogram, with the title: Histogram of airquality$Ozone
## "airquality$Ozone" is marked on the x-axis.
## Tick marks for the x-axis are at: 0, 50, 100, and 150 
## There are a total of 116 elements for this variable.
## Tick marks for the y-axis are at: 0, 10, 20, and 30 
## It has 9 bins with equal widths, starting at 0 and ending at 180 .
## The mids and counts for the bins are:
## mid = 10  count = 37 
## mid = 30  count = 34 
## mid = 50  count = 14 
## mid = 70  count = 15 
## mid = 90  count = 9 
## mid = 110  count = 4 
## mid = 130  count = 2 
## mid = 150  count = 0 
## mid = 170  count = 1

You can sonify the scatterplot as follows:

sonify(1:5, 1:5)

Ggplot

Data Visualization

See Figure 2 created by ggplot2 (Wickham et al., 2019), ggthemes (Arnold, 2019), and plotly (Sievert et al., 2019) packages.

Figure 2: Population Growth: An Example Line Chart.

Data Textualization

The following is the textualized version of the graph above using VI() function of BrailleR package (Godfrey et al., 2019):

VI(g)
## This chart has title 'Population Growth'.
## It has x-axis 'Month' with labels .
## It has y-axis 'Population' with labels .
## There is a legend indicating that colour is used to represent factor(year), with 16 levels:
## 2000 represented by colour light greenish blue, 
## 2001 represented by colour dark greenish blue, 
## 2002 represented by colour brilliant blue, 
## 2003 represented by colour very light blue, 
## 2004 represented by colour vivid bluish green, 
## 2005 represented by colour light bluish green, 
## 2006 represented by colour strong reddish brown, 
## 2007 represented by colour strong yellowish pink, 
## 2008 represented by colour light gray, 
## 2009 represented by colour white, 
## 2010 represented by colour white, 
## 2011 represented by colour white, 
## 2012 represented by colour white, 
## 2013 represented by colour white, 
## 2014 represented by colour white and 
## 2015 represented by colour white.
## The chart is a set of 16 lines.

Data Tactualization

Please refer to the following video that explains tactileR package (Seo, 2019).

References

Arnold, J. B. (2019). Ggthemes: Extra themes, scales and geoms for ’ggplot2’. Retrieved from http://github.com/jrnold/ggthemes

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

Godfrey, A. J. R., Warren, D., Murrell, P., Bilton, T., & Sorge, V. (2019). BrailleR: Improved access for blind users. Retrieved from https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=BrailleR

Seo, J. (2019). TactileR: Converting r graphics into a braille ready-to-print pdf. Retrieved from https://github.com/jooyoungseo/tactileR

Siegert, S., & Williams, R. (2017). Sonify: Data sonification - turning data into sound. Retrieved from https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=sonify

Sievert, C., Parmer, C., Hocking, T., Chamberlain, S., Ram, K., Corvellec, M., & Despouy, P. (2019). Plotly: Create interactive web graphics via ’plotly.js’.

Wickham, H., Chang, W., Henry, L., Pedersen, T. L., Takahashi, K., Wilke, C., … Yutani, H. (2019). Ggplot2: Create elegant data visualisations using the grammar of graphics.

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